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In?situ Absorption Characterization Guided Slot?Die?Coated High?Performance Large?area Flexible Organic Solar Cells and Modules

Slot?die coating is recognized as the most compatible method for the roll?to?roll (R2R) processing of large?area flexible organic solar cells (OSCs). However, the photovoltaic performance of large?area flexible OSC lags significantly behind that of traditional spin coating devices. In this work, two acceptors, Qx?1 and Qx?2, show quite different film?formation kinetics in the slot?die coating process. The in?situ absorption spectrum study indicates that the excessive crystallinity of Qx?2 provides early phase separation and early aggregation, resulting in oversized crystal domains. Consequently, the PM6:Qx?1 based 1 cm2 flexible device exhibits an excellent PCE of 13.70%, which is the best performance among the slot?die coated flexible devices; in contrast, the PM6:Qx?2 blend shows a pretty poor efficiency, which is lower than 1%. Moreover, the 30 cm2 modules based on PM6:Qx?1, containing six 5 cm2 sub?cells, exhibit a PCE of 12.20%. After being stored in a glove box for over 6000 h, the PCE remains at 103% of its initial values, indicating excellent shelf stability. Therefore, these results show a promising future strategy for the upscaling fabrication of flexible large?area OSCs.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

Publication date: 12/12/2022

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 1914.